Thursday, July 8, 2010

Components of Research Design

"The working design is a preliminary plan for getting the research under way."

Working Hypothesis:

  • Qualitative research uses inductive inquiry
  • Data collection is undertaken without preconceived theories or hypotheses
  • Researchers are influenced by their backgrounds
  • Questions, hypotheses and foreshadowed problems may be reviewed, deleted, or extended as the data collection and analysis proceed

    Data Collection:

    • the researcher must gain access to do the research
    • data collection can be interactive or non-interactive
    • most common methods include observation, interviews, collection and reviews of related documents, taking specimen records, and taking oral histories.

    Data Analysis and Interpretation:

    • Analysis and Interpretation begins shortly after data collection begins
    • it continues as data is collected
    • concurrent collection and analysis allows the researcher to check working hypotheses and unanticipated results
    • qualitative data analysis requires organizing information and data reduction
    • early data might suggest a theory
    • more data might support, dis-confirm or extend the hypothesis or theory
    • The data may suggest categories for characterizing information. Coding is a process where the researcher decides on one or more categories for organizing data. 
    • Qualitative research is a process of successive approximations toward an accurate description and interpretation of the phenomenon.